How does our genome regulate the process of development and cell-type specialisation? Specific genes are expressed at discrete times due to the activation or repression of DNA regulatory regions. Our research investigates how the genome functions in stem cells to regulate self-renewal and differentiation. We often think about transcription as occurring on a particular gene in a linear manner whereas the nucleus is a three dimension organelle into which the genome is folded and organised. Within this folded structure DNA regulatory sequences physically contact the genes they regulate forming tissue-specific chromatin loops.

 

We use CRISPR Genome Editing, Molecular Biology and Cellular Imaging techniques combined with Genome-Wide Sequencing approaches and Bioinformatics analysis to investigate the mechanisms that underlie tissue-specific regulation of gene expression and genome folding. Our previous work has identified the enhancers that activate numerous genes in stem cells including a distal enhancer of the Sox2 transcription factor which is required to maintain the stem cell state. The work we do provides a deeper understanding of how our DNA makes us unique and predisposes us to particular diseases. Our work also identifies new ways to consider treating genetic diseases with CRISPR Genome or Epigenome Editing.

News

1 July 2020

Mitchell Lab reveals first events of stem cells becoming specialized cells in organ development

First events in stem cells becoming the specialized cells needed for organ development revealed by the Mitchell Laboratory.
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1 July 2020

Gurdeep Singh receives prestigious International OGS award

Congratulations to Gurdeep Singh, who has been awarded a presitigous International OGS award.
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1 July 2020

Students present at CSB Undergraduate Poster Session

Our project students Shanelle Mullaney and Matthew DeLuca presented their research April 5th at the CSB Undergraduate Poster Session and...
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Contact

Jennifer Mitchell, PhD

Associate Professor
Department of Cell and Systems Biology
University of Toronto
25 Harbord Street, Room 519A
Toronto, Ontario M5S 3G5, Canada

Phone: (416) 978-6711

Fax: (416) 978-8532

Email: ja.mitchell (at) utoronto (dot) ca

Jennifer Mitchell
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